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- What is PATTIRO? PATTIRO or Center for Regional Information and Studies is a research and advocacy non-governmental organization established to foster the democratic decentralization implementation in Indonesia as well as to improve local government social accountability, particularly on the issue of public services accountability, transparency, and, public finance management reform.
- Why was PATTIRO founded? PATTIRO was established to ensure the success of regional autonomy implementation in Indonesia. PATTIRO believes that the purpose of regional autonomy policy or decentralization may only be achieved when the government provides a wider space for its citizens to actively engage in policy and decision making, as well as in public service improvement. PATTIRO exists to continuously encourage the achievement of decentralization goals, especially its goal to increase the quality of public services that will result on society’s welfare improvement
- What does PATTIRO do? PATTIRO focuses on several scope of works such as research, either quantitative or qualitative research using particularly participative method, training facilitation for civil society organizations and local government, as well as local parliament members, and technical assistance for civil society organizations, both local and central government officials and legislators. PATTIRO also engage in people organizing by establishing numerous community centers in various regions in Indonesia. In addition to that, PATTIRO also create some innovations by developing the results of researches PATTIRO has conducted. Moreover, PATTIRO also create and publish learning materials such as books, training guideline, policy paper, lessons learned, and others.
- Where does PATTIRO work? Since its establishment in 1999 until now, PATTIRO has worked in at least 17 provinces and more than 70 districts/cities throughout Indonesia. PATTIRO also has a network namely PATIRO Raya whose members have its own legal entities and agendas. Nevertheless, organizations joined in this network have the same goal that is to realize good local governance. PATTIRO Raya network spreads across Aceh, Banten, Blora, Bojonegoro, Gresik, Kendal, Magelang, Malang, Pekalongan, Semarang, Serang, Surakarta, Tangerang, Jeneponto.
- What has PATTIRO achieved? For six consecutive years, from 2011 to 2015, PATTIRO has received an award from University of Pennsylvania, United States of America as one of best global think tanks in research and policy advocacy.
About Decentralization, Transparency, Social Accountability:
- How do you define Decentralization? Decentralization is a process of redistributing or dispersing functions, powers, people or things away from a central location or authority. Government decentralization has both political and administrative aspects. Its decentralization may be territorial, moving power from the central level to the other levels (localities), and it may be functional, moving decision-making from the top administrator of any branch of government to lower level officials, or divesting the function entirely through privatization.
- And what is democratic decentralization? According to Ribot, al. (2002), democratic decentralization, or also known as political decentralization, is the delegation of authority to the actors who represent the community and be accountable to the bottom. In addition, local actors should have discretions and autonomy in decision-making, along with the authority – and resources – to make decisions that are meaningful to the lives of local citizens. It is often referred as devolution, because of the handover of authority or power to the institutions of local representatives elected on the basis of the election. According to Camille Barnett, et.al. (1997) cited by Sutoro Eko, democratic decentralization manages power to develop policy, expansion of the democratic process at lower levels of government, and develop standards which ensure a sustainable democracy.
- What is Transparency? Transparency is about shedding light on rules, plans, processes and actions. It knows why, how, what, and how much. Transparency ensures that public officials, civil servants, managers, board members and businessmen act visibly and understandably, and report on their activities. And it means that the general public can hold them to account. It is the surest way of guarding against corruption, and helps increase trust in the people and institutions on which our futures depend. (Source: Transparency International – transparency.org )
- What is Social Accountability? Measure of an organization’s state of being mindful of the emerging social concerns and priorities of internal and external stakeholders (community, employees, governmental and non-governmental organizations, management, and owners). It is reflected in the organization’s verifiable commitment to certain factors (which may or may not be tied directly to its processes) such as (1) willing compliance with employment, health, and hygiene, safety, and environmental laws, (2) respect for basic civil and human rights, and (3) betterment of community and surrounding.